Oil infrastructure development: Displacement and livelihood implications for communities in Kabaale parish, Buseruka Sub County-Hoima District
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The study focuses on the implications of oil infrastructure development on community livelihoods in Kabaale Parish. It explores the unique relationship between tenure system and induced resettlement and compensation packages. Descriptive and exploratory research designs employing both qualitative and quantitative approaches were used to enlist data from forty eight households as well as key informants. Quantitative data was analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) while content analysis was used on qualitative data. Results reveal that resettlement process depended on tenure security 41(85.4%, p=0.002). Compensation packages also had a significant impact on the livelihoods of Kabaale communities (P- value of 0.010). There is need for Ugandan government to pay attention to critical development obstacles such as culture and tenure systems which hinder women from actively participating in/benefiting from development opportunities to improve on their livelihoods. Concern should also be given to people‟s social networks during induced resettlement. Platforms such as tenure security knowledge transmission and reforms with an aim of strengthening the weaknesses of customary tenure should be treated with high regard.