Evaluation of solid waste management in informal settlements Kampala City, Uganda Case study of Nateete Parish, Rubaga Division
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Solid Waste management is informal settlements is a growing challenge that must be tackled. This study aimed at understanding the solid waste management practices and generating information toward its sustainable management for improved living conditions in Kampala city. The specific objectives of the study were to examine the current composition and rate of solid waste generated by households, identify and evaluate the effectiveness of current solid waste management practices used and establish the perceived barriers to solid waste management and alternative approaches. Door-to-door household survey approach was used to determine the rate of solid waste generated through sorting and weighing. Structured questionnaires were administered. Interviews and focus group discussion methods were used to identify and evaluate the effectiveness of SWM practices and identify the perceived barriers to sustainable SWM. Stratified random sampling design was used based on willingness to participate. The data was analysed using Statistical package for social science (SPSS). The results showed that 89% of the total weight of SW generated was organic in nature followed by plastics (6%), metal (3%) and paper (2%). On average the SW generated in Nateete was 0.27kg/person/day. In the upper part of Nateete, the average of SW generated was 0.3kg/person/day; in the middle part it was 0.3kg/person/day while the lower part it was 0.2kg/person/day. Results indicated that the Solid Waste Management practices in Nateete Parish were ineffective. The biggest barriers to effective solid waste management in Nateete Parish are limited funding and population increase. Income level, family size, marital status and education level were the main socio-economic factors affecting solid waste generation and composition in Nateete parish (P<0.05). The study recommends increased frequency of solid waste collection, promotion of payment for solid waste collection services among households, awareness creation and formation of accessible solid waste collection points.