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The impact of elephants on agricultural productivity: A socio-economic evaluation of farmers/elephant conflict in Wakyato sub-county, Luwero District, Uganda

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dc.contributor.author Nuwe, John Bosco
dc.date.accessioned 2018-05-31T23:20:39Z
dc.date.available 2018-05-31T23:20:39Z
dc.date.issued 2001-12
dc.identifier.citation Nuwe, J. B. (2001). The impact of elephants on agricultural productivity: A socio-economic evaluation of farmers/elephant conflict in Wakyato sub-county, Luwero District, Uganda. Unpublished master’s thesis, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda. en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10570/6273
dc.description Thesis submitted to the School of Graduate Studies in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of a Degree of Master of Science in Environment and Natural Resources of Makerere University. en_US
dc.description.abstract This study was aimed at assessing the impact of the elephant on agricultural productivity in Wakyato sub-county Luwero district. The objectives of the study were; to value damages to crops by elephants, assess the methods used by farmers to deter elephant raids and lastly, to examine the potential benefits that the local communities have with respect to the presence of elephants and other wildlife. The study was largely based on data from direct measurements and observations. Interviews and published information were also used in data collection. Four crops; cassava, maize and banana were considered. In view of the findings, the damage was a very real constraint to agricultural productivity. This has affected food security and household per capita income. This study has shown that on average, a compensation of Ugandan shillings 100,744/= or US$ 74.62 per year per household would make the households as well off with elephants without. The farmers have used traditional methods to reduce raids with considerable success. These methods included physical guarding, ditches, moats, fences, noise and fires. The results show that a combination of physical barriers and guarding reduces elephant raids considerably. Some farmers however, were not able to protect their farms due to technical and financial constraints. There is need for government and UWA to develop a strategy that will address this problem. More studies are needed to compare the potential financial gains from the wildlife in the district, this may lead to a landuse system that may be compatible with human needs in Wakyato. To reduce the human/elephant conflict the government together with UWA must compensate the farmers at least with the value lost. The long term solution however, is for the planning unit in Luwero assisted by the technical staff from UWA and related government departments to come up with an integrated landuse plan that recognizes both wildlife and human welfare. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Eve Abe of the Luwero Elephant Project. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Makerere University. en_US
dc.subject Wild animals and Farming en_US
dc.subject Elephants and agriculture en_US
dc.subject Elephants and agricultural production en_US
dc.title The impact of elephants on agricultural productivity: A socio-economic evaluation of farmers/elephant conflict in Wakyato sub-county, Luwero District, Uganda en_US
dc.type Thesis/Dissertation (Masters) en_US


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