Measuring the outcomes of a comprehensive HIV care course: pilot test at the Infectious Diseases Institute, Kampala, Uganda
Weaver, Marcia R
Kamya, Moses R.
Sande, Merle A.
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Objective: To evaluate the effects of the Infectious Diseases Institute’s 4-week course for African doctors on comprehensive management of HIV including antiretroviral therapy on four outcomes: (1) clinical skills, (2) clinical activities, (3) monitoring of HIV patients, and (4) training activities Design: Clinical exam at beginning and end of course and at followup 3 to 4 months later, and a cross-section telephone survey. Methods: Forty-seven doctors attending the course (October 2004, November 2004, March 2005, and April 2005) agreed to participate. A 17-item Clinical Exam Checklist was used to assess clinical skills. A telephone survey was conducted 1 month after the course to collect data in four areas: clinical activities, monitoring of HIV patients, case studies on initiation of ART, and training activities. Results: The course improved the clinical skills of doctors. Between the beginning and end of the course, their clinical skills improved significantly in 11 of 17 areas (n = 34). Between the end of the course and follow-up, their skills improved significantly in three areas (n = 14). The trainees were practicing HIV care and training. The telephone survey (n = 46) showed that 93% of trainees treated HIV patients, 35% provided training on HIV, and 47% monitored the weight of the last HIV patient treated (patient’s weight was a clinical end point to measure health status). At follow-up, everyone provided training and trained an average of 20 people per month.