Public land disposal as a source of conflict in Kiboga district : A Case study of Kyankwanzi Sub-County - Uganda 2004-2010.
The study was about Public land disposal as a source of conflict in Kiboga District: A case study of Kyankwanzi Sub-County. Uganda is one of the countries in the developing world with a rapid population growth. Today, land disposal is becoming one of the biggest questions in most rural areas of the country due to increased demand and markets. This has resulted into a number of forces come into play to determine land rights and tenure systems, a situation that has caused conflicts though the NRM government has tried to put in place all possible avenues to handle and answer such. The main objective of this study was to find out how public land disposal is a source conflict in Kyankwanzi sub-county while the specific objectives were to find out the history of land ownership in Uganda, to establish the causes of land conflicts in Kyankwanzi Sub-county and to identify intervention measures to reduce on land related conflicts in Kyankwanzi Sub-county. To collect relevant data from the field both qualitative and quantitative methods of data collection were used and these included interview guide, questionnaire, Focused Group Discussion (FDG) and observation. Data analysis was done by coding, evaluating and tabulating the respondents’ views using an SPSS computer package. The study is organized in seven chapters. Chapter one includes the general introduction, background to the study, statement to the problem, scope of the study, definition of key terms, objectives of the study, research questions, justification of the study, theoretical framework, constraints of the study and ethical consideration. Chapter two consists of the literature review, Chapter three includes the different methods that were used to collect data from the field, the research design, area of study, study population, sample size, sample selection, data management and analysis. Chapter four, five and six comprises the presentation, interpretation and discussion of research findings. Chapter seven consists of the summary of findings and recommendations of the study. The study established that Uganda has had a history of political turmoil under the different regimes since the end of colonial era. The history of land ownership was found out to be diverse ranging from Mailo, leasehold, customary and Freehold. However, traditionally land in the area of study belonged to the King (Kabaka) and a few notables in Buganda while the majority of the people were squatters. The study revealed that, land conflicts in Kyankwanzi are a consequence of colonial legacy and governments that followed exacerbated by cases competition over access, use and transfer of scarce land and natural resources, ever increasing population densities largely driven by the high population growth rate, policy and institutional weaknesses. The increasing cases of land conflicts were established to be largely driven by competition for influence and power which comes with demonstrated control over land matters such as ownership, allocation and access especially as regards overlapping land rights. However, it was discovered that, Ugandan government had put in place measures such District land boards, land laws and policies, RDCs office, Area land Committees purposely to handle land conflicts. Based on the findings, the study concluded that, the conflicts in the land sector in Uganda and the area of study in particular still faces several challenges that include insecurity of tenure, overlapping and conflicting land rights, and glaring inequality in access to and ownership of land. The study concluded that Uganda’s current strategy for the facilitating Public land disposal needs to focus on the rehabilitation and modernization of the land registry services to create an enabling environment for minimizing land conflicts. This can be made possible by efforts to make all land institutions easily accessible, accountable, efficient and transparent. In regard to the land conflicts in Kyankwanzi Sub-County and Uganda at large, this study therefore recommended better political will, setting up an anti-corruption commission, free flow of information, policy and institutional reforms, inventory of Public lands, computerization of land records, comprehensive land policy, the creation of land tribunal in charge with reviewing each and every case of suspected illegal or irregular allocation of land, and embarking upon a process of revocation and rectification of such titles, re-engineering of land administration process with the aim of reducing the discretionary authority of officials as the way to minimize land conflicts. Conceptualizing and well administered land information systems would help to ensuring transparency and accountability and cases of missing files, double allocations and delayed transactions would be eliminated.