The role of stakeholders in the management of government aided and privately owned primary schools : a comparative study of private and government aided schools in Kyazanga subcounty, Masaka district.
Segawa, Ahmed Hamza
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The study was aimed at comparing the role of stakeholders in the management of government aided and privately owned primary schools. Here, it was meant to establish how such roles, when taken on, could promote or hinder the management process in the two types of schools. It was carried out in Kyazanga sub county, Masaka district to reflect on how stakeholders take on their roles in the two types of schools and mostly in a rural setting. The findings of the study were as follows: Privately owned primary schools are managed better than government aided primary schools basing on the way stakeholders take on their roles in the two schools with regard to the management process. Heads are more involved in the management of privately owned primary schools than in government. This is due to their availability at schools most of the times which enables them to over see and supervise whatever takes place. They also have proper power and authority over their staff. However in government aided primary schools, such heads are rare since they tend to come to school rarely and even when they come, they most of the times spend only a little time and leave. Teachers are also more involved in the management of privately owned primary schools by taking on their roles properly and promptly through teaching curricular and co-curricular activities, in decision making, caring for their children / pupils, preparing lesson plans, schemes of work, marking pupils books and other works and what have you. Some of such also happen in government aided primary schools but the degree at which they are taken on is rather lower where it is and in other schools there is nothing at all. Such a low attitude in their ways of doing things comes about because of poor motivation in such schools, low pay, lack of materials to facilitate their work, lack of proper and strict supervision, rampant absenteeism, not respecting their ethical code of conduct to mention but a few. The parents’ response towards their roles in schools was also prevalent and effective in privately owned primary schools than in government aided ones, in as far as handling their part in the management process is concerned. In private schools, parents tend to cover up for the needs of their children by providing the necessary materials for use at schools and in adequate amounts/quantities. They also tend to follow up their children by checking on them while at schools and also responding positively more so whenever they are called upon to respond to some issues/things. This then makes them to feel proud of their schools and to always stand for and by them. As for the parents in government aided primary schools, their response still has a lot to be desired as they always look at government to cover up for their children since it provides the free education. Some parents in these schools even fail to provide the basics to their children where by they send then to schools without books or pens/ pencils yet others provide but inadequately where by a child could be using one book for more than one subject so if its taken for marking the child can not participate in other classes. On attending meetings, the decisions agreed upon are not usually effected by majority of the parents yet heads in such schools can not easily take on any actions against such parents who could have acted otherwise. They even rarely follow up their children as a way to linking up between the schools and home which even makes the teachers become reluctant on taking on their roles. Local leaders are more involved in the management of government aided primary schools than in the private ones. This was properly reflected in what was on the ground at the different offices of such leaders and also from the outcomes of the interviews with them. Such involvement is reflected in aspects like planning for such schools in the three years rolling plan, donating/giving such schools desks, constructing some structures for them like toilets, water pumps mention it. They are also involved in taking on the supervisory role but still this is more in government aided ones than in private. The study made recommendations which included among others constructing more classrooms in government schools, increasing on the number of teachers, improving teachers welfare, establishing a proper monitoring mechanism, empowering the school heads and so on which if done could improve management in such schools.
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