The effect of gender relations on access to and utilization of ARVs in Uganda: A Case study of Rushere and Mulago TASO Centers.
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The purpose of this study was to establish the effect of gender on access to and utilization of ARVs in Uganda with reference to Rushere and Mulago TASO centres. The specific objectives were to establish the effect of gender on access to ARVs treatment, utilization of ARVs, and the challenges faced in providing services to people living with HIV/AIDS. This study used a comparative case study research design which involved the use of both qualitative and quantitative methods of data collection at Rushere and Mulago TASO centres. The data were collected from a sample of 110 respondents from each centre. Questionnaires, interview guide and Focus Group Discussion guides were used to collect data. Quantitative data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Scientists (SSPS) and the relationship between gender and access, utilization of ARVs was analyzed using Pearson Correlation Coefficient and later presented in frequencies, tables and graphs. The results indicated that in centres, access and utilization of ARVs was affected by gender although the differences in access and utilization were minimal. There was a positive and significant relationship between gender relations and access of ARVs. This is an indication that the complex system of personal and social relations and power through which men and women are socially created influence access to ARVs. In this case women have weaker social power which affects their accessibility and utilization of ARVs. It was recommended that the officials in all the TASO centres need to ensure that both men and women should access ARVs regardless of the sex and age.
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