Leadership and resettlement of internally displaced persons: a case study of Kalaki County, Kaberamaido District, North Eastern Uganda
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This study seeks to investigate the challenges, opportunities and prospects of leadership in resettlement of IDPs in Kaberamaido district. The study focuses on Kalaki County in Kaberamaido district. The selected four sub counties and four camps found in Kalaki County have been employed to conduct the study. The four sub counties were selected using purposive sampling technique. The informants were then finally purposively sampled to get interview respondents. Other techniques included FGDs, Interviews and documentary reviews for the literature review. Discussions centered on the path goal theory which argues that effective leaders clarify the path to help the followers achieve work goals, and they make the journey along the path easier by reducing any pitfalls and roadblocks. It is this process which is now of help to the resettlement of IDPs in Kalaki County. The study is organised into six chapters. Chapter one provides the introduction, background, context, research questions and justification. Chapter two provides the review of related literature and theoretical perspective. Chapter three focuses on the methodology while Chapter four deals with Bululu, Kalaki, Otuboi and Anyara camp findings. Chapter five focuses on the challenges and opportunities to address the threats to resettlement. Chapter six covers conclusion and recommendations of the study. The study used qualitative and quantitative methods of data collection. For qualitative method of data collection, in-depth interviews with key informants and FGDs with community members were carried out to obtain qualitative data while interviews using questionnaires was used to collect quantitative data. The main objective to the study was to establish the challenges and prospects of leaders in resettlement of IDPs, other specific objectives were to describe the roles of leaders in the implementation of resettlement programmes for IDPs. To examine different factors that affect effective leadership participation in the IDP camps and to propose strategies and find out how local communities can be integrated in the implementation of resettlement programmes for IDPs. The study shows that IDPs are strongly committed to relocate to their homes. This would enable the community to carry out farming and other home-based income generating activities. 95 percent of the respondents are willing to return to their original places of residence and to this effect, the number of IDPs has decreased. The state of affairs is sufficient ground and justification for resettlement of IDPs. The potentials for effective leadership are great in Kalaki County. 87.5 Percent of the respondents reported that the leaders have a high level of awareness. All in position to mobilize to receive the benefits, sensitize, and monitor the camp situations. The introduction of resettlement program has been a great initiative and a wonderful success according to the findings. For over two years the assistance provided for resettlement by the government and stakeholders was worth the help to IDPs. Security provision has improved the environment formerly faced with insurgencies, subjecting the IDPs to the camp. However, another critical challenge is to organize the community to return to their original homes. It is therefore recommended that the leaders should improve its tactics, adopt new styles of leadership mainly; by reinforcement of mobilization and sensitization of the community to respond to the resettlement program, encourage resettlement by way of providing more incentives to the IDPs, reinstate efficient leaders, organise meetings to address the poor roles that emanate from the leaders, and conduct induction training of leaders to improve on their skills so as manage the direction of the programme.