Oil exploration and land conflicts in Hoima District: a case study of Buseruka Sub-County (1998-2008)
Kisembo, Tom B.
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The study explored the relationship between oil exploration and land conflicts: In Hoima District and Buseruka Sub-County in particular oil exploration has led to land conflicts which have threatened the existence of the indigenous people. The media had reported the threats emanating from the land uncertainty as a result of oil exploration like hatred between the oil exploration company and the indigenous people, and displacement. The government has in place legal instruments like The Constitution and The National Oil and Gas Policy; nevertheless, the land conflicts are a challenge to oil exploration which continued to be felt up to 2008 when the study was carried out. The study was carried out in Buseruka Sub-County, Hoima District and it focused on the relationship between oil exploration and land conflicts. The main goals of the study incorporated: to analyze the relationship between oil exploration and land conflicts, examine the role of the government in oil exploration, effects of oil exploration and to suggest possible measures to overcome the conflicts. Both qualitative and quantitative techniques of research were used during the study and these included; interviewing, sampling, questionnaires and observation. The information collected was organized according to chapters in order to make a meaningful presentation, conclusion and recommendations. Description, interpretation and analysis were done by tallying and Microsoft excel. The findings collected reveal that there is a relationship between oil exploration and land conflicts. Respondents less appreciated the positive role of the government as they remained predominantly negative. The oil exploration activity largely had negative effects on the people of Buseruka Sub-County. In the conclusion, the researcher calls upon the government, the oil exploration company and the indigenous populace who remain incompatible in goals to foster a sustainable peace building strategy in oil exploration. It is from such conclusion that the study recommends the need for developing a comprehensive monitoring system by the government of Uganda and the oil exploration company and the urgent need for understanding of conflict management methods like early warning mechanisms by the Government officials and the staff of the oil Exploration Company who are at the center of conflict.