Role of the human person in land conservation: a consideration of Kabale women’s efforts in environment management
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Land conservation has been chosen to be the subject of critical inquiry because of environmental problems faced by the people of Kabale district and the role played by the human person has been put at the fore front because the inwardness or the inner quality being a metaphysical entity which can transcend the physical is in itself unlimited. So, everything that is acted upon in time and space by man happens the way it is because the human mind is. This academic activity connotes some broad philosophical attitude toward our conceptualisation of environmental problems. Theorising our environmental management is, as a whole and in detail, fundamentally motivated and justified by conditions of value and utility in serving our various aims and needs. The number of respondents selected per the whole area of study was 170 including members of women groups. Rukiga County provided 40 randomly selected respondents, Rubanda County 60 and in Ndorwa the interviewees were 60. The other 10 provided useful ideas. These included researchers, government officials and others with knowledge of environmental problems in the district. The results of the study indicate that woman becomes evil if she does not become true to her nature. It is only where there is individual responsibility that one is morally answerable. Therefore, action requires that you know the alternative, make a choice and that you are capable of carrying out a decision. This decision must not curtail peoples’ range of choices, take away their rights as both individuals and society, and the decision must not cause ill effects on human existence. The social goal or common goal must remain basic to both present and future generation. On the central issue of the logical relation between natural environment management and values, ethical considerations in this study have provided increasingly clear and sophisticated statements of two fundamental positions. That is, naturalism and non-naturalism (sometimes called teleology and deontology). Each of these accounts of value and moral rightness has revealed an additional dimension of the complex logic of ethical judgement. Naturalistic considerations have brought to light various ways in which ethical judgement is grounded on the fulfilment of biological and social needs while non-naturalistic ideas have revealed prescriptive aspects of moral concepts that are independent of prudential considerations. The attitudes of women towards development through conservation were totally positive and even other social groups are now in for the same. About suggestions, women supported the idea of establishing conservation groups that are locally managed and do focus on a broader perspective as a society. The report recommends the imperative need to dig out reality before any action is undertaken and that if the future is to be tolerable human breeding must be brought under sensible control and that we must conserve and preserve our natural resources and learn how to live in this environment by our reason and not any kind of automatism. The report concludes that women should not take themselves as if they are not part of this natural environment. We human beings should learn how to live in good relationship with this natural environment. Thus, the main effort of this ethical philosophy was to bring together in a consistent pattern all the two ends, both the desire to exploit land resources for the human survival and the emergent need to conserve the same natural environment for present and future generation. All these constitute our philosophical heritage.