Effectiveness of governement regulation of the print media in Uganda (1996-2005)
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The study was intended to establish Government regulations of Press Freedom and how that affects the Effectiveness of the Print Media in Uganda. Four Media Houses were studied including The New Vision, The Monitor Paper, The Weekly Observer, and The Red Pepper. The problem Statement was to investigate whether government regulations of the press have been beneficial or not. There has been a systematic attempt to investigate how far government regulations have yielded to a more socially responsible Media. In order to investigate, four objectives were used; I. To assess the performance of the print media in Uganda today II. To establish the various press regulations on the print media in Uganda III. To assess how press regulations affect the effectiveness of the print media in Uganda IV. To suggest solutions to the media regarding problems related to media abuse of press freedom Among the findings, 72.72% of the responses avowed that there was abuse freedom by pressmen and women while 27.27% disputed the allegations. The study also established that the various press regulations on the print media include; Constitutional regulations embedded in the constitution of the republic of Uganda  in article 41(1) where every citizen has a right to access information in the possession of the State or any other organ or agency of the state except where the release of the information is likely to prejudice the security or sovereignty of the State or interfere with the right to privacy of another persons. Other regulations are concerned with professional code of conduct by journalists, the Press and journalist statute of 1995, the Media Bill which provides for a Media Council with the power to suspend newspapers or deny access to state information. In conclusion, there is still a long way to go for the media to realize improvement in Uganda. It was also concluded that there have been cases on media freedom abuse especially by the government agents with the guise of protecting against sedition in the public and that not all the times that the government intervenes in media activities that the media freedom is being abused but there are several mistakes by the media that need constant correction especially driving them from being money and audience oriented. It was recommended that there is a need for the media houses and their proprietors to consider the relevance of the work to the development of the state other than its destruction.