Examining the effectiveness of Public Private Partnership (PPP) in road construction sector in Uganda : a case of Uganda National Roads Authority
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This study examined the effectiveness of public private partnerships in the road construction sector Uganda National Roads Authority. Three objectives guided the study, which is, examining the effect of pooling financial resource on the road construction sector at UNRA, assessing the effect of outsourcing private service providers on the road construction sector at UNRA and examining the effect out outsourcing private procurement services on the road construction sector at UNRA. The study used a cross-sectional research design and employed both quantitative and qualitative research approaches. It targeted a sample size of 130 respondents; however, only 126 respondents managed to respond. Data were collected from both primary and secondary sources while using questionnaires and an interview guide. The study revealed that Pooling Financial Resources, Outsourcing Private Service Providers and Outsourcing Private Procurement Services are positively related to the quality of road construction services by .950**, .966** and .965** respectively and they positively predict the quality of road construction services by bate values of .572, 784 and 756 respectively. It was further revealed that the government uses PPP as a way of by-passing the financial constraints, and minimize direct borrowing. However, public private sector does not guarantee easy access to loans, avoidance of financial debts and rising of initial project capital investment from the private sector. It also was revealed that PPP allows distribution of risks between the private and public sector, improve creativeness and innovativeness and helps the parties to enjoy economies of scale, however, PPP does not reduce construction cost, bureaucratic problems, corruption and poor accountability issues may not be eliminated. Furthermore, outsourcing private procurement services improves procurement efficiency, new procurement techniques and private sector tend to put in place strong procurement rules, however, outsourcing private procurement does not guarantee equal treatment of bidders, transparency, quality of procurement operation and avoidance of selection biases procurement. UNRA had some roads construction projects under PPP, however, even though most of the roads had emergency packing spaces, most of the roads had no walk ways, road signs, street lights and were not well and perfectly tarmacked. The study recommended that there is need for both the government and private sector to clearly understand the roles and obligations of each party before starting the project, the government needs to establish strong reporting and accountability framework to eliminate corruption and promote transparency in the procurement processes and lastly, some private sectors considered under public private partnership need to be properly trained to make them clearly understand how the government works when extending services to its citizens.