Assessing the effects of gender-based violence on economic status of women and men in households : a case study of Ibanda District
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The study on “Gender-Based Violence and Women's and men's Economic status was carried out in Ishongororo Town Council Ibanda District". The overall objective of the study was to assess the effects of gender-based violence on the economic status of men and women in households of the area. The study was conducted in the two wards of the Town Council with a total of 30 respondents who were drawn from the entire Town Council. Data was collected by interviewing respondents; household heads, LC leaders, NGOs, and church, and conducting Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) with local communities. Simple random sampling was used to select respondents from the Town Council, extracting the same number of respondents from every ward of the Town Council. Data was analyzed qualitatively, interpreting by critically analyzing situations, mainly explaining the phenomenon according to the responses of the respondents. Findings indicate both respondents were women and men who were involved in various activities which included agriculture and other activities like operating retail shops, pottery, knitting, weaving baskets, mats and bags, and civil servants. Main crops grown in the area included maize, bananas, and beans. Families in the area were experiencing GBV and most prominent and financially stable families were prone to this kind of violence. The argument behind this was the economic status of women who wanted to own and control their own finances especially, have the freedom to do all they deemed good to them much as this would contravene their relations with their husbands and the entire family. Violence in this area included Sexual GBV, property or economic violence, physical violence, and psychological violence. It was evident that this violence impacted negatively on men but mostly women and children to attain economic empowerment to the extent of even causing disabilities, living independent life that was expensive and led to reduced incomes of women and men. The government's response to GBV was also critically assessed as well as mitigating the problem at community level. Setbacks were also explored to reinstate the situation. The study thus recommended that there is a need to make comprehensive policies and incorporate couples in the formulation of policies since they affect both partners. There is also a need to strengthen institutions and empower men and women and ensure security of the victims after solving their cases so that violence doesn't re-occur.