A critical analysis of the legal framework for sustainable management of biodiversity; a case of Bidibidi refugee settlement in Uganda
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The study was conceived after realization that biodiversity in Bidibidi settlement was at risk of environmental degradation due to adverse human activities. Yet also importantly, Uganda is one of the most biodiverse countries in Africa. The purpose of this thesis was to present a comprehensive analysis of the challenge posed by the inability of the legal and institutional framework in conserving biodiversity within the refugee context and identify the shortcomings. Specifically, the thesis sought to review the conservation best practices available in the settlement. In the subsequent chapters, literature was presented and organized in sub themes. The study, further employed a cross sectional research design in a target population of both refugees and the host community where; structured questionnaires, in depth interviews and observation methods were used in collecting data relating to biodiversity conservation in Bidibidi refugee settlement. Qualitative data was analysed thematically by content analysis while using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) for quantitative data. The thesis also explored biodiversity conservation of species and ecosystems basing on the socio demographic data, socio-economic importance, local management and attitude by the refugees in Bidibidi; in order to draw conclusions, findings and recommendations. The study recommended among other things the need to; balance the refugee settlement policy with biodiversity protection, for purposes of co-existence and exhibition of conservation planning approaches in refugee settlements. The findings show both threatened species and habitats outside protected areas of Bidibidi settlement. Key words: Legal and institutional framework, biodiversity conservation and refugee settlement.