Correlates of Reported Cardiovascular Diseases among Adults in Uganda
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There is limited evidence about the correlates of reported cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) among adults in Uganda. Therefore this study aimed at investigating the correlates of reported CVDs using a nationally representative sample. Secondary analysis of data collected by the Uganda Ministry of Health during 2014 Uganda Non-communicable Disease risk factor survey was conducted using a sample of 3987 adults in Uganda. Binary logistic regression model was used to investigate correlates of self-reported CVDs among adults in Uganda. In the results, 9% adults reported at least any of the two CVDs, (either heart attack or stroke). At multivariate analysis, reported CVDs were high among older persons age 55-69 years (OR=2.0, CI=1.008-4.279), reported pain in the teeth/mouth (OR=4.4, CI=0.263-0.759). In addition, the likelihood of reporting CVDs was higher among people who were overweight/obese (OR=1.7, CI= 1.000-3.163), earn high income (OR=2.7, CI=1.445-5.242) and they were physically inactive (OR=2.8, CI=0.68-0.485). The findings established an association between reported CVDs and demographic, socio-economic correlates, behavioral correlates and clinical correlates among adults in Uganda. Therefore the country’s ministry of health should put emphasis on prevention and management strategies of CVDs, create awareness in the public and improve on primary health care. More research should be done on using anthropometric measurements that early predicts CVDs during the life course.