Competence Based Education and employability of Graduates of Mulago Tutors' College and Nakawa Vocational Training Institute
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This Study was entitled “Competence Based Education and employability of graduates of Mulago Health Tutors College and Nakawa Vocational Training Institute” and the purpose of the Study was to explore how competence based curriculum had enhanced employability of graduates of Nakawa V.T.I and Mulago H.T.C. The objectives of the Study were:- To establish how competence based Education had enhanced self- employment of graduates of Nakawa V.T.I and Mulago H.T.C and to ascertain how competence based had enhanced Industrial employment of graduates at Nakawa V.T.I and Mulago H.T.C. The justification of the Study was to provide Knowledge and skills to Educationists, Academicians and policy makers to understand the new concept of CBET which prepares practical oriented graduates who meet the needs of the Industry. Hence, the Study would establish how CBET contribute to socio – economic transformation of the society and also how CBET curricular could contribute to the employability to reduce the youth unemployment. The methodology used to carry out the Study were: - Research orientation was Quantitative with simple random sampling techniques and Research designs were both descriptive and analytical surveys using Questionnaire as collection Tools and in this case they were two types of questionnaire, one administered to Tutors of bothNakawa V.T.I and Mulago H.T.C and another Questionnaire administered to the Alumni of both Institutions. The data source included both primary and secondary, while data analysis used were deceptive statistics techniques by the use of SPSS data editor while the variables were measured by the use of liker scale. The Respondents included both male and female whereby 81% were male Alumni and 72.2% of male Tutors while the female comprised of 19% Alumni and 27.8% female Tutors. 52.4% of the Alumni were employed in the Private sector while 38.1% were Government employed while 9.5% self- employed. The Research variables for Alumni were time taken to secure a Job, time take to be promoted at work place, change of Job and organization/industry collaboration with Training Institutions. The findings were:- 85.7% of Alumni took 1 year to secure the Jobs,9.5% took 2-3 years, in terms of promotion 28.6% of Alumni took 1 year to promoted at work place, 23.8% took more than five years. Alumni Training Institution collaborating with industries 61.9%that were collaborating with industry other findings among others were 71.4% strongly agreed that acquisition of competence was emphasized in their Institutions, 38.1% strongly agreed while 28.6% agreed that fieldtrips were organized in their Institutions, 71.4% strongly agreed that competence acquired at the college helped them to secure Jobs, 57.1% of Alumni strongly agreed that internship enhanced their competences to secure Jobs on the side of Tutors the findings were among others.72.2% strongly agreed that a good curriculum must meet the social, economic and technological needs of a society, 72.2% strongly agreed that competencies required for a particular task must be clearly identified and stated in a Curriculum, 66.7% strongly agreed that competencies should depend on industrial standards, 44.4% strongly agreed that there was need to identify the potential graduates’ competencies and 83.3% strongly agreed that during curriculum development there was need for experts from Training Institutions to sit with experts from the world of work. In conclusion the Study established that students must be engaged in the real world problems to develop their problem solving skills and this helps them to acquire skills and competencies both for self and industrial employment in the world of work. The Study further revealed that collaboration between Training Institutions and the Industry is very vital as it helps in the identification of gaps in training and required competencies to address them. This collaboration can be through curriculum development, guest lectures, internship, and apprenticeship as well as capacity building of Training Staff skills.It also revealed that Teaching and Assessment methodologies greatly contribute to acquisition and mastery of competencies, hence a need to shift from traditional teaching and Assessment methodologies to modern ones. The Study revealed that graduates trained using CBET can easily secure jobs as well as promotion at work place and therefore CBET can mitigate unemployment especially within the youth. The Study made the following Recommendations: Private Sector should always be given a priority as far as involvement of experts from World of Work by Training Institutions is concerned; Developing countries should adopt CBET to address the high rate of unemployment; Training Institutions should embrace Competence based Curriculum as it helps graduates to get the required competencies in the world of work; Trainers in Institutions of Higher Learning should have enough skills and competencies required in the world of work to produce competent graduates; soft skills should be taught in Institutions as they enhance the employability of graduates; Internship and Study trips, should be integrated in Training curricular as they help to enhance the employability of graduates as well as exposing new technology to Students; While making Curriculum, enough consultations should be made to different stake holders to ascertain the needs of the society where the Curriculum would be applied; Curriculum should identify the different tasks for particular jobs and related competencies which the graduates must acquire; Training must address the mastery of Skills; Learning outcomes should be linked to occupational/ Professional requirements to enable the Teacher to make proper training strategies; teachers should continually assess their students to build and develop their skills and competencies; Teachers should use appropriate teaching methods to help students to acquire employable skills; and finally Practitioners from Industry should be involved in Curriculum Development to address the needs in the world of work.