Economic liberalization and its impact on families: A case study of selected areas in Kawempe Division, Kampala District (2008-2015)
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This dissertation set out to examine the impact of economic liberalization on family conflicts. Although the concern in conflict studies is normally with large scale conflicts, where national states often invade others over territorial disputes we are waking up to the realisation that, there are multitudes of small scale conflicts yet potentially dangerous in homes. An attempt was made to examine the trend Economic Liberalization has taken, to find out how different stakeholders are taking part in economic activities, and how families are fitting in the trend of economic liberalization. A key element in the study was that as increasing numbers of women and men join the labour market, especially as they join the informal sector, domestic conflict and violence increase. The study covered selected villages in Kawempe division Kampala district and covered a time scope of 2008 – 2015. The study design was a case study and both qualitative and quantitative data collection methods were used. Random sampling method was used to select the 70 heads of households, and 10 local leaders out of the total population of Kawempe division. Data was collected by the use of interviews, focused group discussions, key informants guide and questionnaire survey aided by use of questionnaires, interview guide and phone recorder. Besides that, Quantitative data was analysed by the use of frequency tables where analysis was done with a corresponding percentage. Findings revealed that an increasing number of women emphasized their independence as they acquired skills and were financially empowered, and that was a source of conflict in many homes. The findings also revealed, that although men and women were performing almost the same roles, men still expected women to perform their traditional roles and some women believed since they also support financially have a right to make their own decisions and this was evident of conflict emerging in such families. Neglect of basic necessities such as education, food and grocery for their children contributed to emergency of conflict in families. The study recommends that, there is need to promote a culture of tolerance, respect, openness, reconciliation, and forgiveness amongst the people plus development of peaceful conflict prevention, management, transformation and resolution skills that include negotiation, mediation, and arbitration in addition to promotion of law and order.