Exploitation, a hindrance to teacher-efficiency in U.P.E. schools: A case study of Lubaga Division – Kampala District.
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The study was set out to contribute to education management theory and practice by establishing the thesis that exploitation of UPE teachers is a hindrance to their efficiency. Consequently, this research sought to avail a solution to this plight of exploitation among UPE teachers and teachers in general in today’s society. Most importantly the study seeks to examine and know how exploitation of teachers results into their inefficiency. This study was conducted in order to highlight the exploitative instances within the working environment of teachers and try to suggest the way forward in curbing the situation. There was a necessity and desire to advocate for an exploitation free environment for teachers and in so doing improving their overall efficiency at schools. There was a desire to see to it that the UPE teachers have relatively higher and timely salaries, get rewarded for extra hours of work, handle classes with a fairer teacher-pupil ratio, have adequate physical classroom facilities, are not overloaded and enjoy some fringe benefits or incentives. The study was also motivated toward building a mutual understanding between school administrators and the teachers. A combination of qualitative and quantitative method was applied and data collected via interviews, questionnaires, observation and literature review. The study relied on both secondary sources and government publications related to education in general and UPE in particular. Data were summarized and coded into themes and sub-themes from which conclusions and recommendations were drawn. The study found out many themes of interest as pertains the topic of research. The salient findings included absenteeism, poor time management, use of poor teaching and assessment methods, professional misconduct and the inability to complete the syllabi. All these account for the forms of inefficiency among the UPE teachers. The study concluded that ensuring an exploitation free environment is indispensable for teacher efficiency. This study recommended that human rights organs should intervene to try and alleviate this situation. Important too is the need for the government to increase the teachers’ salaries and introduce job incentives by allocating more of the annual national budget to education. Teachers should also form unions to agitate for their rights; these should not be sabotaged by some members or the government. It is against this background that the study critiques and gives recommendations to alleviating the exploitation of UPE teachers in Lubaga Division – Kampala District.