Motivation and academic staff performance in public universities in Uganda: the case of Makerere University
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The purpose of the study was to investigate public universities’ academic staff performance with reference to the context of motivation. The researcher used Makerere University as a case study and this was 20% coverage of all public universities in Uganda. The research was prompted by the endless strikes that have occurred at the University. Some of the causes of these strikes have been non payment of teaching and responsibility allowances and also lack of enough scholastic materials (Ahimbisibwe, 2009). There has been also consistent deterioration of university performance both at Africa and world level. This is revealed by the reports that are produced annually by the Cybermetric Lab, and unit of the National Research Council in Spain and 4icu.org web popularity ranking of universities. The study was guided by three main objectives that included; examining the effect of motivational factors on lectures’ teaching at Makerere University, determining the effect of Motivation on lecturers’ research activities at Makerere University, and assessing the effect of motivation on lecturers’ community service at Makerere University. The study took a quantitative and qualitative paradigm based on self administered questionnaires and interview guides. These helped to establish ways in which lecturers conceptualised, approached and related their performance with motivation through a descriptive analysis. Pearson’s linear co-relation was used to test the relationship between variables. The sample was a representation of the different faculties, institutes and schools of the University where the respondents were chosen under convenience sampling. Of the 291 respondents that were included in the study, the researcher was able to get 246 respondents, thus making 84.5% representation of the respondents. The findings revealed that, motivational factors, significantly affected lecturers teaching and research activities at Makerere University. The study also found out that motivational factors did significantly not affect lecturers’ community service activities. It was concluded that, motivational factors do have a significant effect on lecturers’ teaching and research activities. From the findings, it recommended that, the government should take over the entire wage bill of all the academic staff at the university from Assistant lecturers to professors. The entire university leadership in all the different units like Planning unit, Directorate of human resource, Faculties, Institutes, Schools and several departments among others should be improved. The University also should try to treat research and teaching equally when making decisions on faculty tenure, promotion and pay rises.
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