Determinants of Risky Sexual behaviors among Makerere University Undergraduate Students
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University students are categorized under the most at-risk population to HIV infections and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) due to their engagement in risky sexual behavior and their sense of non-vulnerability. The factors contributing to this heightened risks are not clearly known among the Makerere university undergraduate students. This study therefore aimed at examining the prevalence and determinants of risky sexual behaviors among undergraduate students. The study employed a descriptive study design, with a sample of 379 male and female undergraduate students from Makerere University. Data was collected using self-report structured questionnaires. Only participants that were sexually active at the time of data collection were included in the study. Findings show the prevalence of risky sexual behavior was (94%), social support (41.2%), general mental health (42%), peer pressure (73.8%) and substance use (41.5%). However, risky sexual behavior was significantly associated to only relationship status (r=.129, p<0.05). In conclusion, risky sexual behavior among undergraduate students therefore should not be ignored and interventions aimed at behavior change should be put in place. This can be done by strengthening and implementation of comprehensive sex education programs in Makerere University and community settings. Future research should be done to establish other factors that might be contributing to the high prevalence of risky sexual behavior among undergraduate students in Makerere University.