Analysis of the causes and consequences of informal settlements in Uganda : a case of Kawempe Division
Kawesa, Karim Ssekibule
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The purpose of this study is to examine the causes of increased informal settlement (slums) and how such informal settlement with its consequences can be averted in Kawempe Division, Kampala District. The study applied a non-experimental design called descriptive research design. Additionally, this research also adopted a quantitative approach. The study population comprised of the residents of Kivulu, Kikoni and Katanga (the 3K‟s) in Kawempe division, Kampala District and a sample of 100 respondents were selected to take part in this study. The researcher used questionnaires to collect primary data and they were self-administered as explained. The data was then entered into a computer program called STATA version 15.0 for analysis. Study results required respondents in the informal settlements of Kikoni, Kivulu and Katanga to indicate whether lack of urban planning and development control is the cause of the urban informal settlements in this village and majority agreed with a mean of 3.72. Furthermore, on how urban informal settlement can be reduced, study results required respondents in the informal settlements of Kikoni, Kivulu and Katanga to indicate whether the government of Uganda should increase its budgetary allocation towards public housing provision and majority agreed with a mean of 3.92. Regarding the challenges that urban informal settlement cause to the communities, study results required respondents in the informal settlements of Kikoni, Kivulu and Katanga to indicate if poor hygiene practices are also a major challenge that we residents of informal settlements face in this village and majority agreed with a mean of 3.65. Last but not least, study results recommended that strategies for how urban informal settlements can be reduced in Kawempe Division, Kampala District must be based on a clear understanding of the nature of deprivation in particular informal settlements and should pursue an integrated, people-focused and place-based approach.