Seroprevalence and risk factors of Brucellosis in Camel and herdsmen in Benadir Region Somalia
Mursal, Faiza Ismail
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Camel brucellosis is a contagious disease that is often presented in a chronic condition caused by Brucella and affects both animals and pastoralists. The disease has been partially assessed in Somalia, especially since the 1990s civil war. The purpose of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of brucellosis in camels and risk factors poses to the herdsmen in the Benadir region of Somalia. A cross-sectional study in three districts of Benadir region of Somalia was undertaken between March 2020 and November 2021. Three hundred and eighty-four (384) Camels were selected from camels’ farms to collect samples in three districts. The prevalence of brucellosis in camels was high at 13.45% [95%CI = 10.45-17.36]. Across the three districts involved in this study, the prevalence of brucellosis in camels was 9(11.84) [95%CI=6.18-21.49], 33(14.22%) [95%CI=10.26-19.37] and 10(13.16% [95%CI=7.12-23.03] respectively for Kahda, Dharkenley and Daynile districts and researcher used questionnaires data collecting in Kobo-collect and data were analysed using software of STATA version 14.0 were analysing percentages, frequency, confidence interval, univariate were performed. binomial logistic regression to determine the risk ratio for the factor associated with the occurrence of disease was done. The conclusions of the study indicates that occurrence of brucellosis in camel exist in Benadir region Somalia. The level of prevalence of camel brucellosis is high because there is no clear policy in any of the camel farms regarding the control of brucellosis in camels. A researcher recommended to control of camel brucellosis in Benadir region Somalia through vaccine and slaughter and raising awareness about brucellosis through sanitation.