Voluntary repatriation choices among south Sudanese refugees in Palorinya refugee settlement in Moyo district in Uganda
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This research was about voluntary repatriation choices among South Sudanese refugees, in Palorinya Refugee Settlement in Moyo District. The study aimed at investigating refugee’s perceptions about returning to their home country in comparison to living in the Refugee Settlement. The specific objectives were specifically; (i) explored the perceived nature and availability of services in the country of exile as compared to that in South Sudan. (ii) ascertained information on the situations prevailing in the country of origin; (iii) examined the relationship between incentives and motivations to voluntary repatriation and examined the governance issues affecting choices for return. The study adopted an exploratory research design, employed both quantitative and qualitative data collection and analysis approaches. A simple random sampling technique was employed to get the refugee primary respondents. while the key informants and FGD members were purposively selected. A simple random sampling technique was employed with the primary respondents being primary six and seven pupils. Teachers and the headteacher were interviewed in addition to other key informants. A FGD of children combining work and school was undertaken. Methods of data collection used were; Semi-structured Interviews from the refugee respondents, Interview guides from key informants, Focus Group Discussions with refugee leaders and documentary reviews. The study findings revealed that refugees found living in the settlements perceived that the nature availability of services in refugee camps were relatively better than that in their home country. Poor access to education in country of origin was the prevailing factor that demotivated the choice for return to South Sudan. The refugees also believed that there were some uncertainties on the situation prevailing in their home country. The participants in the study considered the incentives and motivation given to returnees were inadequate. They also reasoned that governance issues and institutional capacity in the country of origin were still weak and unsatisfactory so they chose to continue to stay in the Settlement until now. The study recommended that more resources should be mobilized channelled to ensure that basic services in the country of origin. Incentives should be improved in both quality and quantity. The GoSS should endeavour to eliminate all forms of insecurity; and build good institutions that promote good governance (pull –factors).